Ethical hacking can be a rewarding career for people who have excellent problem-solving skills as well as a passion for information security. The organization’s critical infrastructure is protected by ethical hackers. They conduct penetration tests to identify vulnerabilities and assist the organization in taking the necessary steps to prevent cyber-attacks. In recent years, there has been a rise in demand for ethical hackers in government agencies (military and intelligence agencies) as well as private organizations. A solid knowledge of hacking and networking is required to become an ethical hacker.
This section addresses some of the most frequently asked questions during an interview for an Ethical Hacking job.
Question1: Which cybersecurity news sources are you most interested in? Answer: An ethical hacker must keep up to date with the latest vulnerabilities, exploits and attacks. Twitter and other social media outlets like Reddit are great ways to quickly get information. You can also mention Reddit, Google alert, Reddit and tech news sites on Twitter.
Question2: How would your approach to conducting an external penetration test? Answer: This question is frequently asked during interviews to assess your approach and methodology for conducting a penetration test. Interviewers may ask this question to get specific scenarios and parameters. Sometimes they will intentionally skip the details. Don’t be afraid to ask for more information.
External penetration testing begins with the pre-engagement phase. The client sits down with the penetration tester, who determines the scope of the engagement and signs a non disclosure agreement. Before you begin the testing process, verify the IP addresses of the clients. Describe your approach, tools and methods in detail.
Question3: Which is the fastest and easiest way to identify your target’s operating systems? Answer: Grabbing the banner with a telnet session.
Question4: What’s the difference between vulnerability assessment or penetration testing? Answer: In vulnerability assessment, ethical hackers identify vulnerabilities and fix them to prevent cyberattacks. Penetration testing, on the other hand is a process that detects vulnerabilities and exploits them to analyze the implications of a real cyberattack.
Question5: What steps do hackers take to bring down a system?
Reconnaissance: This step is where hackers attempt to gather all information about the target.
Scanning or Enumeration: Hackers use this step to scan the target’s network for system and network vulnerabilities.
Hackers gain access to target machines by exploiting vulnerabilities after scanning and enumeration.
Hackers install malicious software to maintain access to the system.
Clearing the tracks: This step involves hackers destroying all evidence that is not being detected by the team of digitalforensic.
Question6: What is Phishing? Answer: Phishing refers to a social engineering attack that uses threats, financial incentives and impersonation to create urgency. It is a method of requesting sensitive information such as usernames and passwords.
Question7: What is a sniffing operation? Answer: It refers to the monitoring and analysis of incoming and outgoing packets over a network. To capture the data packets, packet sniffers are used. The motives behind sniffing attacks include identity theft, stealing bank account information, and getting usernames and passwords.