Web registration rules(0)
The announcement came as Beijing is in talks with Google about whether the US-based search engine will be allowed to continue operating in China after it said it would no longer cooperate in web censorship.
The state-sanctioned Chinese group that assigns domain names suspended registration of individuals on December 14 after government media accused it of failing to check whether their sites provided pornographic content.
Under the new system, individual operators must submit their identity cards and photos of themselves and meet in person with regulators and representatives of service providers, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said Tuesday.
Source : Konaxis
Ministry of National Defense hacking to the Chinese military Google(0)
A reporter asked, there had been reports on the hack attacks to Google with Chinese government and military background. How do you comment on that?
He said that, in fact, China’s information network, especially the military network had been attacked by hackers overseas. Chinese law prohibits any form of Internet hacking attacks. China put a lot emphasis on fighting against cyber crimes, and was dedicated to working with other countries and international organizations to strengthen relevant cooperations.
Domain names written in chinese(0)
Chinese regulators have long promoted the use of Chinese-language domain names and forecast that their spread would boost Internet use in the country. But local companies seem less excited than Chinese authorities about the change.
Domains in Chinese script could appeal mainly to users who are elderly or live in rural Chinese areas, said analysts. Those are the main users that may not be used to typing Web addresses in English or in Pinyin, a phonetic spelling system often used online to replace Chinese characters with Latin ones.
Chinese Internet users are widely familiar with Latin-character domains, so big Chinese Internet companies may not need to change them. And users who are not used to typing English can visit a website via a search engine rather than directly typing its Web address, said analyst.
The ICANN decision has not yet taken effect, but Chinese regulators have already allowed local companies to register domain names that have Chinese characters throughout their names, including at the country-code level. Those domains can only be visited within China, or by computers using Chinese DNS (Domain Name System) servers.
A Chinese domain name might not make sense for some Web sites. Many Chinese companies use numbers in their domain names that are widely associated with their brands. Local portal NetEase keeps its Web site at 163.com.
Source : Konaxis
CNNIC said ‘.China’ domain names will be used fastest in the first quarter of next year(0)
Relevant responsible person at CNNIC said today that, in accordance with procedures projectioned, the fastest time for general use was the first quarter of next year. “China” domain will be universally used.
October 30, the 36th ICANN annual meeting in Seoul approved the “national top-level domain Internationalized Domain Names (IDN ccTLD) fast-track implementation plan,” which showed that it had been a foregone conclusion that “.China” and other international domain names were written into the global root Domain Name System to achieve world-wide barrier-free access, and enter the substantive stage of global deployment.
Today is the fist opening day for ICANN to open its Internationalized Domain Names national top-level domain registration.
According to the application process, ICANN will firstly review the applications, which would include the integrity and stability of the DNS and so on, this process takes about one and a half to 2 months; later it also needs 1-2 months to complete the Internet deputy members Authority (IANA) authorization process.
Accordingly, the relevant CNNIC person in charge expected, in accordance with the above-mentioned processes,the fastest time was the first quarter of 2010. “.China” domain name will be written to the global root domain name system to achieve world-wide barrier-free access.
In addition, it has been introduced in the browser address bar ‘.’ And ‘。’are completely equivalent, without need to switch input methods, and the future Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese will also be equivalent, which can be easily used by the global Chinese Internet users.
Data showed that at present more than 90% of the national ministries, provincial government agencies; more than 95% of the media news Web sites; more than 90% of the national 211 key universities; More than half of Chinese 100 strong enterprises and more than 40% of China’s top 500 strong enterprises have been registered to “.China” domain names.
81% spent free time surfing the Internet(0)
Recently, the China Youth Daily through survey sites found out that a survey on 12158 people showed that more than half of the people (54.2%) wanted to spend spare time quietly; 31.1% of people wanted their leisure time can be “slowed” down. Among people surveyed, “80th” accounted for 62.6%, “70th” accounted for 21.4%.
Of course, these people are in minority, more people’s spare time is not like this. In this survey, 81.4% of the people preferred leisure time spent online, 55.9% chose to watch television.
The survey showed that 51.9% thought that the computer would gradually replace the TV; In addition, when chosing only one between computer and TV, 94.1% of the people chose the computer.
Some people joked that with the popularity of the Internet, people who spotted a dozen or so hours of television sitting in the sofa, like potatoes, motionless, would be fewer and fewer, instead there would be “mouse potato” life.
Chinese domain names(0)
CNNIC expects that within two years, majority of the country?s Web sites will have domain names that end in the two Chinese characters for “China,” rather than the .cn top-level domain. It also expects those domain names to become the most widely visited by Chinese Internet users.
Then, the agency targets standardizing the use of Chinese-language domains worldwide. China and other countries have asked the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the Internet’s governance body, to pass an implementation plan for certain country-level domains in local languages during the organization’s meeting in October.
If the plan passes, then global root servers by next year should support the Chinese-language version of the country’s top-level domain, said Zhang.
Chinese-language domains would boost Internet penetration in China and be easier for local users to remember than versions written in English, she said.
Although some Web sites in China already support Chinese versions of both their top- and second-level domains, the English-language domains seems to be the most widely used especially in advertisements.
CNNIC now gives registrants who apply for a domain name ending in .cn the same domain with Chinese characters as its top level as well. Registrants also have the option to choose between the traditional and simplified Chinese versions of their top-level domain, said Zhang.
Simplified Chinese is the script for the language used in China and Singapore, while Taiwan and Hong Kong use more complex traditional characters. The disadvantage of the simplified version of a top=level domain is that an attacker could attempt to steal visitor information by registering the traditional version and drawing users to it instead.
China has the most number of internet users in any country. As of the end of June, there were 338 million registered Internet users according to CNNIC.
Source : Konaxis
Green Dam software(0)
It is up to the buyers to decide use it or not,” The Telegraph quoted Yizhong, as saying.
Yizhong, however, added that the voluntary option does not apply to computers in schools and public internet cafes where China would still require the installation of Green Dam.
“We will install it in computers located in schools and internet cafes. We entirely respect customer’s benefit and freedom. We will definitely not make installation compulsory for all computers on sale,” he said.
About three months ago, China announced that all computers sold in the country after July 1 would be required to pre-install the Green Dam software, as a measure to protect children and combat pornography on the web.
The requirement was suspended indefinitely in June, following overwhelming resistance from Chinese internet users who suspected that the software was actually a censorship tool.
The Chinese users were joined by Foreign computer manufacturers, 22 international chambers of commerce and the US Government had wrote official letters asking the Chinese government to reconsider its “Green Dam” order, which was said to be impractical and anti-competitive.
Yizhong further explained that there was a misunderstanding of his ministry?s initial announcement by internet users and computer manufacturers that resulted to the erroneous impression that installation was compulsory.
Source : Konaxis
China broadband Internet users(0)
China had 338 million Internet users by the end of June, up 40 million from the end of last year, according to a report by the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in the mid-July.
More than 90 percent of China?s administrative villages had access to the Internet by early June, said the MIIT data.
About 95 percent of townships were connected to broadband, and 92.5 percent of natural villages had telephone coverage.
China’s vast rural areas are regarded as the next front for telecommunication development. The top three telecommunication operators?China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom are expected to invest 280 billion yuan to improve 3G network in between 2009-2010.
Source : Konaxis
Internet censors recruitment(0)
The CCECO and the Beijing Internet Management Office, a local Internet regulator, will supervise the volunteers. Both regulating bodies will also have the real identities of all volunteers.
The move by the Chinese local governments and Communist party branches is seen as an unusual admission of censorship and gives a rare view of the resources China uses to try to control the internet. The volunteers is in addition to the national government?s requirement that t every new personal computer sold in China is equipped with web filtering software.
The ministry of industry and information technology notified computer makers last month that they would be required from July 1 to include Green Dam/Youth Escort ? a programme developed under commission by the government ? with every new PC.
Testing by independent software engineers has found that besides protecting children from pornographic content, Green Dam is also capable of filtering and blocking political content, and carries serious security risks for those who install it.
Beijing?s requirement has also created legal worries among foreign PC makers like Dell and Hewlett-Packard. .
Solid Oak, a Californian software company says Green Dam infringes its intellectual property rights, for copying the code in its Cybersitter, a programme allowing parents to block pornographic and violent content when their children use the internet. Solid Oak announced that it has already sent ?cease and desist? letters to Hewlett-Packard and Dell, warning them that the software company would file charge for damages claims if they installed Green Dam.
Brian Milburn, Solid Oak chief executive, said Chinese groups opposed to Beijing?s move had offered assistance in taking legal action in the country. ?If our code is being used to censor a country, we stand up to things like that,? he said. His company was considering whether such action was feasible.
?If we can?t stop [HP and Dell from shipping], I guess the only way to resolve this would be an interim licensing agreement,? he said.
Source : Konaxis
Website blocking software installed in PCs(0)
China’s ministry of industry and information technology issued a notice to personal computer-makers on 19 May that every machine sold from 1 July must be preloaded with the software ? called Green Dam Youth Escort, developed by Jinhui Computer System Engineering Co.
The software developer , which won a government contract to develop the “Green Dam-Youth Escort” filtering software, also updates a list of forbidden sites to block from an online database, much as network security programs automatically download the latest defences against new worms, trojans and viruses.
Last year, 40m PCs were sold in China, the world’s second biggest market after the US.
The software’s developer said Monday the tool would give parents more oversight by preventing computers from accessing sites with pornographic pictures or language.
Parents can also add their own sites to the blocking list, Zhang Chenmin, general manager of Jinhui, told The Associated Press.
He said users could disable blocking of any site on the list or even uninstall the software completely, but they will not be able to see the full database. He said the software does not monitor or send data to third parties.
China, which has the world’s largest population of Internet users at more than 250 million, also has one of the world’s tightest controls over the Internet.
The government also bans Internet pornography and this year launched a nationwide crackdown that led to the shuttering of more than 1,900 Web sites. Web sites including Google and Baidu, China’s most popular search engine, also have been criticized for linking to suspect sites.
“Blocking access to pornography sounds like an acceptable goal, but the problem is that it’s all too easy to use the same technology to expand the censorship,” the group’s president, Ed Black, said in a statement.
Zhang said his company, based in Henan capital of Zhengzhou in central China, signed a 21 million yuan ($3 million) contract with the Chinese government last May to develop the software and distribute it to computer makers for free within one year. The software was jointly developed by Beijing Dazheng Language Technology Co. Ltd., which declined to comment.
The program would either be installed on the hard drive or enclosed on a compact disc, the newspaper reported, adding that PC makers would be required to tell authorities how many PCs they have shipped with the software.
Lawyers and academics are challenging the legality of the Chinese government’s requirement for manufacturers to ship Web-filtering software with all personal computers, amid growing concern that it could be used to censor political content, not just pornography.
Source : Konaxis