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Beijing China Beijing China(0)

It is also the capital of China. This beautiful city covers an area of 16,640 square kilometers or 6,336 square miles and has a population of roughly 15 million people.

Beijing history dates back to more than 3,000 years and has survived such things as invasions from warlords and foreign powers, devastating fires, and the rise and fall of powerful imperial dynasties but has come out of it all to be, today, a strong, vibrant city.

This rich history has left Beijing with rich cultural treasures. The great wall for one and the most well known is a man made structure that winds for several kilometers. Next is the Summer Palace which has beautiful ancient Royal Gardens. Forbidden City is another of Beijing’s beautiful treasures. It is the largest Royal Palace in the world. Finally there is Tiantan. This is where the Chinese in ancient times would defeat their ancestors, and is also the soul of ancient construction.

The best representations of Beijing though would be the vanishing Hutongs and Square Courtyards. They have become a symbol of Beijing’s life for hundreds of years. One of the best examples is Tian’anmen square. This beautiful site contains clover leaf junctions and has tall amazing skyscrapers all over. The old time feel and modern culture together make Tian’anmen Square a brand new visage for Beijing.

Beijing may now be a modern and fashionable city but you can still experience authentic Beijing life in a variety of different ways. You can do this by visiting the various teahouses, temple fairs, the Hutong and Courtyard and by attending the Beijing Opera Houses.

Beijing is also a city with four distinct seasons. The best time to visit though would be in the late spring and autumn. During these seasons you will be able to experience bright sunshine and blue skies. May is especially a great time to visit because there is a lot of international class performances presented where you can enjoy different types of art from all over the globe. In the winter months you can enjoy skiing in Beihai and view the awesome snowy views on West Hill.

It is not good to dwell too much on the historical past of Beijing though as it will give way to a false impression that it is just another ancient city in its style. This is far from true as you stroll through Beijing you will find that it has just as much in common as let?s say New York.

So yes Beijing does have a vast and awesome history. It has been over 3,000 years in the making which shows through in the cultural designs. There are a variety of places to see and visit in Beijing as you have seen here. The different seasons and sites available make it an ideal tourism spot. Why don’t you book a flight and experience the beauty and culture yourself.

Great wall China Great wall China(0)

The massive construction build over two thousand years ago is one of the very few manmade objects that are visible from space. It is an immense achievement of the ancient people and it symbolizes the outstanding level of endurance and persistence of humans in general.

The wall of China was initially built to protect different tribes from each other in ancient times. War was a preferred method for conflict resolution and the Ming dynasty decided that it would be better to make such a construction that have to withstand every single attack from the numerous tribes coming from the west. Imagine the saturation of violent acts back then since the massive project of building a 5500 thousand mile construction seemed a better decision than any other resolution, no matter peaceful or violent in nature.

Ancient people had much more respect for power than contemporary humans. Diplomacy was unthinkable. The lack of any real technology or scientific knowledge had given land ownership the highest level of importance to any nation. Consequently, the numerous people of China decided that they are going to keep the lands their ancestors have left for them at all cost. Decades of construction followed the idea and today we can seethe the degree of human power, wrapped around a single goal.

After the construction done during the Ming dynasty, the wall was inconsistent and was practically ineffective because the Mongol tribes always found unfinished parts and continued to invade the Chinese like they previously did despite the created watch posts designed to track down incoming enemies.

The wall is truly marvelous by being able to withstand weather erosions and other forces of nature for thousands of years. And it is made by stone, wood and bricks ? something modern engineering manages completely without. When the brick were introduced, they were quickly adopted and put into use because they were lighter than stone and thus easy to handle. This substitute happened again under the Ming rule had helped speed up the process considerably. When it came to dealing with the quick reassemble techniques of the Mongols, time was no longer of little importance.

The Ch?ing dynasty, the one that followed Ming, had put aside the project of continuing the wall construction because they were trying to appease the Mongol leaders by religious means. The Great Wall of China symbolizes the lack of reason and negotiation of the ancient times and is now a tourist attraction.

The strong spirit of Chinese people is engraved in probably the biggest and longest historical monument that is even visible from the Moon. Around one thousand people are visiting the wall, near Beijing, every single day. Although the many reconstruction works done presently on the wall, it is still inconsistent and susceptible to weather conditions. Parts made with the application of mud are most endangered and scientists predict that some sections are to fall apart in the next 20 years.

Ancient China Ancient China(0)

Similarly to most ancient tribes, cities and civilization in general emerged from places that are close to running water. Water is essential for basic survival and it was thousands of years ago when rivers were most valued and vastly populated. Yellow river was sacred to ancient Chinese and there are historical records that prove its immense value to these people.

Despite the immense number of different cultures and languages found on the territory of present China, the nation managed to keep everything based on one idea and one language. Around 4000 BC the area around the Yellow river became a valuable agricultural source of food. It later expanded further away from the water, as new technologies were introduced and adopted by the farmers. Farming involved most of the population, long before the industrial revolution, and new crops that came through the established trade routes from the Americas and Europe.

Before the introduction of rice, almost every Chinese had a millet farm to take care of. When later rice was available, it became the main crop culture for many years ahead. The first rice fields are believed to be near the Huai River, which emerges from the Tongbai Mountain. For steady period of time, the Chinese used stone tools to harvest the crops. Domestication of animals was a fact, proven by Neolithic evidence found by archaeologists. Ancient Chinese people were also good hunters yet it is not absolutely clear whether they spend more time and effort in hunting or in domesticating animals.

A turning point in history -when tribes were torn apart by constant acts of warfare – is considered to be the period when the Hsia Dynasty (2205-1766 BC) came into power. Archaeological evidence from that period is very little. However, mythological data is prolific and linked to found evidence which makes facts undistinguishable from fiction – hard for the historians to swallow.

Under the Shang dynasty the first written evidences from Chinese history were found. These first writings were actually prophesies for the future and do not carry any factual information about the actual life during that period. However, records mention the names of kings and because of that the Shang dynasty was proven not to be just a myth, as most Western historians claimed.

The first of the ruling dynasties is believed to be Chin, back in 221 BC. The family initiated the building of the Great Wall. The wall was a symbolic barrier the Chinese put between them and the ?barbarians? ? it is how all the outsiders were called ? and this same isolation continued for almost two millennia.

Apart from the writing, ancient Chinese invented many other things that practically changed the world. The best known inventions are the paper and silk. Gunpowder had changed the way military strategy was made and we all know that navigation is nothing without a compass ? invented in the 2nd century BC.

China Country China Country(0)

This is country boasting a vast span of multi-cultural people including Buddhists, Taoism?s, Catholics, Muslims and Protestants. China has one of the oldest civilizations more than six millennia old outshining others with its well advanced and largest written language system.

On flipping the pages through the history text books, one learns that Ancient the China Country was the oldest epitome of human civilizations. They were the first ones to introduce the art writing which later spread to the following civilizations like Mesopotamia, Indus Valley civilization, Mayan civilization etc. Even today, China is acknowledged for its unique language system wherein one character does not represent mere one alphabet, rather it represents one complete word.

Archeologists have discovered the first ever weapons of destruction near the province of Xia, the first dynasty to rule in China. These weapons date back to the Bronze Age where weapons just forayed into the culture of humans. In the following period, the country witnessed the growth and decline of dynasties like, Shang dynasty, Qin dynasty, han dynasty et al.

The main source of economy for the ancient China Country was sole agriculture. And, their main crop, both for domestic and trade purpose was rice, apart from wheat, potato, soybean, tobacco etc. Years later, by 1950, it witnessed rapid industrialization wherein the government took charge of the economy and channelised all its sources in building large-scale and small-scale industries. In fact, during its first five-year-plan (1953-1957), the country witnessed a drastic growth in its industrial development with more than 80 % of the gross population employed. Taking a look at today?s scenario, China?s economy is the world?s third largest in the world after USA and Japan, in terms of US $ 4.3 trillion GDP (according to 2008 survey). It is today the largest hub of electronic companies and Information Technology enabling the country to grow with a GDP percentile of 10 %.

China has outshined other countries in terms of tapping the latest advancements in the field of technology and Science. China today is a major hub of emerging fields like biotechnology and information technology. In fact scientific experts have even signed a five-year-old agreement where it would extend its expertise to US on the areas of marine conservation, renewable energy and health.

China is a country of plateaus and mountains in the west and inhabited plains and beautiful hills in the east. Its capital, Beijing is an epitome of some of the most popular places that exhibits the best remains of ancient China. It is a home to world?s best royal buildings structured by some of the most powerful kings witnessed by the history. The Great Wall of China, once among the Seven Wonders of the World is a sign of a great self-defense that stopped the invaders from penetrating. The wall spans five provinces, stretching from Shanhaiguan Pass in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west, appealing like a gigantic wall across the mountains.

China India China India(0)

During the visit both the nations shared the common vision of pushing through the Strategic Cooperative Partnership between the two nations. Both the premiers of the two countries agreed to promote building a cordial environment having peace and prosperity.

The economic and trade relations between the two nations is on a fast pace and the bilateral trade has surpassed dollar 51 billion mark in 2008 which is a neat 34% increase from 2007. The security and defense have also been an agenda in maintaining bilateral relations. The ?Join Hands 2008? was a joint army exercise that was successfully conducted in India ? the subject being combating terrorism. The bilateral relations between the international and regional affairs were also strengthened. Issues such global warming and eventual climate change, Doha round talks and international recession and financial crisis were also discussed amicably. Both the nations worked in a manner that they could get positive results at the G-20 meeting in Washington. The G-20 meeting was successful for both the nations and they could collect substantial amount of money.

According to President Hu Jintao, the bilateral relations between the countries are at their best. The two countries have agreed to carry out exchange programs in which the government sectors and political parties will be exchanging their views and cooperation. Even the youth of the two countries will be visiting the nation under the exchange programs. The dialogues on foreign policies, defense and security and on anti terrorism will be continued. One fascinating outcome of the whole process is that the countries are going to hold China Festival in India and India Festival in China. The celebrations will take place in 2010. The two nations have also decided to work closely on the Asian affairs.

There are certain points where both the nations have to work out in a better way. For example the number of tourists in both countries was limited to 570,000 which actually stand at a mere 0.02% of the total population of both the countries. The technical and visa constraints have to be lifted.

Both the nations are emerging economies; hence they both have extensive potential to develop further. They have to improve their trade imbalance and increase the investment levels. China accounts for a total of 0.03% of the total foreign investment in India. This level should be increased in order to create favorable ambience.

The best way to enhance the relationship and bilateral relations is to politically trust each other. Reinforcement of the exchange programs especially in the academic side, NGO?s and media, will bring about a lot of positive results. The two countries share a common interest concerning various important issues.

Since both the economies have received recognition on the international level for their efforts to sustain and contain the current global crisis, they should further talk in strengthening the cooperation between them.

China population China population(0)

By the year 2030, official population forecasts are predicting that India will surpass China and become the world?s most populated county. For now, China is the largest and most populated country in the world and the government is trying to successfully apply policies that keep a moderate growth rate.

The population of China began to significantly increase during and after the reign of the Ming dynasty when the numbers were below the 100 million line. During the following Qing dynasty, (1749) it has already reached 200 million and for the next 300 years a 5 time?s increase was a fact. This is the most rapid progression in population growth any nation had so far in its history.

The famine in 1958 and the Taiping rebellion have taken the staggering 50 million lives altogether. Many people died in the Second World War. And it happened in a period when the Chinese were roughly still doubling their population total every century! Those 50 million were just a fraction compared to the total number of population. So this horrible death count will go down as one sad statistical chart.

The two fold increase during Ming and Qing can be explained with the quick growth and development of agriculture where most of the population was involved in it. People moved from rarely populated areas to big cities and this resulted in economic growth, as well as massive overpopulation and the cities were overcrowded very soon after.

This population boost was followed by the introduction of new crops that came from America and Europe. The improved ways of irrigation also helped the Chinese improve their lives, and thus their life expectancy. One very interesting fact is that China began to double and triple its population way before its industrial revolution. No other country doubled its population that early in history and, of course, most other countries had their people increase in numbers at the same time modern technology was introduced.

The past two decades are considered to be a success of the Chinese government in putting population growth under control. The ?one child policy? brought immediate results in reducing overall increase of growth but brought many controversies as well. In rural areas, inhabited mostly by minorities, this policy took time in getting enforced. This served as a strong demoralizing factor for the Chinese. China birth and death rate were reduced successfully to acceptable values in the ensuing years.

The most inhabited cities of China include Chonqing, Shanghai, Beijing and Chengdu. In China, there are around 200 cities where the population is above 1 million. In Shanghai alone more than 50,000 people live per sq km area making it almost 2.5 times more densely populated than New York.

According to certain statistics the demographic profile of China is quite interesting. There are more men than women here. But according to another survey the females outnumber the males when they reach the age of 70!

Chinese history Chinese history(0)

Many years of migration, development of language and philosophy have shaped the face of this nation that now holds the first place in terms of population with over 1.3 billion people.

The Chinese have developed an enormous collection of mythology, the volume of which can be explained with the relatively early development of their written language. Chinese language was greatly influenced by the neighboring countries and what we see today is a result of a well kept heritage, dating back in ancient times when most of the world used only verbal means of communication. Being great in numbers, the Chinese managed to absorb many different other nations and became multi layered in terms of cultural identity.

Historians define the Chinese history as a chronological record of the ruler ship of various dynasties. One royal family ruled over the country for decades or even centuries before delegating the power to another family. This cycle repeated for thousands of years and is one of the identical features of the Chinese as a whole. Another well known fact is that the Chinese based the way they rule over the people on the idea that everything needs to be Chinese-centered. That is why foreigners have real hart times trying to introduce ideas, goods or anything that deviates with the Chinese mindset and philosophy.

Chinese people always have little tolerance to foreigners and part of the reason stays behind the fact that foreign cultures brought mostly fear and confusion, rather than values, easy to be adopted and accepted by the majority of people. Consequently, the Chinese were in a constant war with neighboring tribes because they could not find reason to accept their philosophy of life. Mongols were one of the few nations able to conquer the Chinese, however many tried to do so and failed.

Because of the lengthy history, which was altogether very complex and rich of facts and figures, Chinese history can easily be interpreted by many ways and contemporary historians have a lot of background information to base their thesis on. From feudalism to communism, Chinese proved to be self sufficient and rarely were open to the surrounding world. The word ?Zhongguo? is how they referred to their country and it literally means ?central kingdom?. It was no later than the nineteen century, when modern Western weapons and tactics made the Chinese aware that this self-sustaining way of life could take another path in history. It was when the millennium old dynastic rule was brought down for good.

Chinese went through from slavery and autonomy to finally adopting Marx ideas and adopt communism. Class struggle was ever present in the Chinese history. Yet after the emergence of the Communist Party it became less. Today, China is one of the fastest developing countries and only a thorough analysis of its history might give an accurate prediction of what are really going to be the outcomes.

USA China USA China(0)

The relation shared by these 2 countries is based on mutual benefit. They do not agree with each other on their political views. However, there are a number of common grounds amongst the two nations, such as the fight against terrorism, nuclear war etc which is currently binding them in the US-China foreign relations.

The first signs of the US China relationship date back to as old as 1784 when the first Chinese trader ship called Empress of China used to transport exotic spices, porcelain, cotton, and silks to the United States. Since then there has been considerable trade between the 2 countries. Ever since then, because of many wars such as the Vietnam War, Soviet War, and World War II, the trade relations between the two countries started to deteriorate, the effect of which was felt by both countries. But soon this came to an end with the emergence of the new world and new ideas wherein economy and growth were the main concerns of the two nations.

China and the US are fighting the war against terrorism together especially after the terrorist attacks on US in September 2001. Furthermore, they have also agreed to work in unison to ban the production of fissile materials used in making nuclear weapons and China has signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in 1996.

Today, US give China preferential nation status in the commercial sector as many multinational companies are investing a lot of money in China. This is because the labor market is very cheap in China and there is no shortage of skilled manpower. This has made China the second largest receiver of foreign direct investment after US.

Did you know that China is world?s 2nd largest economy? It is a growing market for the US products and its service sector. While the global growth is going down, China economy is expanding. The income levels are rising and almost 1.3 billion of its consumers have demand related to the made in USA goods. The US exports to China rose by 76% between 2000-2003. Surprisingly at the same time sales across the globe were declining at the rate of 9%. At present China happens to be the 6th largest market for the US exports and is its 3rd largest trading partner. The spurt of growth in the US sales to China is benefiting the US companies.

In spite of all the differences between US and China one point is certain, that both the countries are working towards maintaining a harmonious relationship with each other which is beneficial to the world economy at large. In order to come to an amicable resolution, a US China Senior Dialogue was carried out so that both the countries could sort out their differences and talk about matters on reciprocal concern which is now being carried by Hilary Clinton.

Economic in china Economic in china(0)

It has a vast language system and the widely used gunpowder, paper, printing and the compass were invented in China. The glorious China was affected drastically after the Second World War causing widespread unrest, famine and thousands of people loosing their lives. However, after 1978, under the reign of DENG Xiaoping many economic reforms were introduced and China emerged as one of the fastest growing economies.

China is an emerging economy, considering that only 2 decades ago the economy was struggling, it has however shown remarkable growth and is one of the leading economies today. The GDP in 2007 was 24.6619 trillion yuan, which was ranked fourth in the world.

China is second in growth to the United States; however the per capita income is still in the middle income segment. It is third worldwide in industrial output with industries such as coal, iron ore, mining, machinery, apparel, textiles, locomotives, consumer products and information technology. 8% of the world industrial output comes from China itself. This sector provides 48% of China?s GDP which is one of the largest for any country, thereby providing a lot of employment opportunities and jobs to its people making it a very progressive economy.

Most of the world?s supply of steel comes from China as it is the largest producer of steel in the world. Many small scale industries produce steel with the largest producer located in a province called Anshan.

China ranks number one in the world in farming, considering that 60% of the population lives in rural area and make their livelihood from farming. It is one of the largest producer and consumer of agricultural producer as it is the most populated country it the world.

The services sector in China such as transport, distribution, entertainment is ranked seventh worldwide and is the second largest GDP earner for the economy. With the reforms introduced, privatization came into play and now many malls, shopping complexes, gaming arcades, wholesale markets have opened up in China.

The tourism sector is thriving in China as it is the fourth largest country in the world for inbound tourism. Tourism is a key contributor of national income and is providing a lot of employment and much needed foreign exchange. According to the World Tourism Organization, China will be the largest tourist country and fourth largest for overseas travel by the year 2020, as this sector has a vast potential for growth.

According to Chinas Ministry of Telecommunications, China is ranked second in the world after United States of America in the number of internet users. With the development of the information technology sector and its widespread telecommunications network, the internet has gained popularity.

Thus, the political controls are still being implemented in China, but this has proved to be beneficial to the economy as the people command a much higher standard of living and China is growing at a pace that is matched by only the First World Countries.

Chinese Music Chinese Music(0)

Therefore the Chinese music styles are numerous with different styles. But through the vast musical history there has been vast numbers of main themes that come out and dominate the power of belief in music. As a result of this it has made it necessary to have it controlled by the government at the state level.

There is little known about the sound of the ancient music of china but there are written documents that do provide information about the theory of the music in the society. This history of the music has always been joined to politics. The music bureau of the new administration created pitch standards and also over saw both ceremonial and court music. Absolute pitch was known as an important part of the system of weights and measure with each new dynasty new measures were imported.

Many of the Chinese philosophers recognized fairly early the power that music has over both the mind and the emotions – and also the importance of music in education. They suggested state control in aspect of its control over the ideals of the groups. But even though ancient music has little weight on today modern Chinese music the main views have continued and are able to be seen in various movements like the Cultural Revolution.

Since the time Confucianism became the religion of China, which occurred in the Han dynasty till the revolution of 1911, yayue, or elegant music, was the state music. This music was associated with Confucian rituals. Every dynasty since has tried to keep up with this ancient style. When huyue (386-589) or foreign music especially from the north and west, became popular Court Confucianistis were bothered. But the predominance of yayue was brought back in later dynasties. But after the disappearance of the imperial courts to China yayue is now only performed in Confucian temples.

The regional theater has well over 300 forms in China. The most famous of which is the Beijing opera which was developed in the late 18th Century. The earlier companies of these opera houses performed teahouses in atmospheres rich with casual conversation and casual mingling. The characters of these operas are characterized by their vocal range but also the type of person that the person is trying to represent. There are four main types of people that are represented in the Chinese opera. First of all you have the male characters, these are the baritone voices. Then there were the book lovers who would sing in falsetto. The celibate daughter and the devoted wife would also be a main character. Finally you have the flirtatious women. The Chinese opera is a very popular form of the Chinese music culture.

The music of China has always had a vast and rich history and ancient music has always played an important role in the culture of China.

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